РОЛЬ БИОЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКОЙ АКТИВНОСТИ ГОЛОВНОГО МОЗГА В ДИАПАЗОНЕ ГАММА-РИТМА В ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИИ ПСИХИЧЕСКИХ ПРОЦЕССОВ
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Ключевые слова

гамма-ритм
высшие психические функции
гамма-осцилляции
высокочастотная активность
нарушения ЦНС

Как цитировать

[1]
Н. Д. Сорокина, С. С. Перцов, и Г. В. Селицкий, «РОЛЬ БИОЭЛЕКТРИЧЕСКОЙ АКТИВНОСТИ ГОЛОВНОГО МОЗГА В ДИАПАЗОНЕ ГАММА-РИТМА В ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИИ ПСИХИЧЕСКИХ ПРОЦЕССОВ», Рос. физиол. журн. им. И. М. Сеченова, т. 104, вып. 10, с. 1163—1175, окт. 2018.

Аннотация

В обзоре рассмотрены результаты отечественных и зарубежных исследований, направленных на выяснение роли гамма-ритма биоэлектрической активности мозга в обеспечении высших психических функций у человека в норме и при неврологических и психических заболеваниях. Проанализирована динамика гамма-ритма в процессах сознания, внимания, памяти, зрительно-моторной координации, когнитивной деятельности, медитации. Представлены данные о значении гамма-диапазона ЭЭГ в генезе пограничных расстройств, психических и неврологических заболеваний, в том числе синдроме дефицита внимания с гиперактивностью, биполярных расстройств, депрессии, аутизма, шизофрении, болезни Альцгеймера, эпилепсии и инсульта. Дальнейшее изучение изменений гамма-ритма и их взаимосвязи с нарушениями ЦНС позволит существенно расширить современные представления о патофизиологических механизмах и роли высокочастотных осцилляций в обеспечении функций мозга.
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